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China’s hypocritical stand on India’s NSG bid can boomerang
Shashwat Gupta Ray | Tuesday, 14 June 2016 AT 09:57 PM IST
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Even before the upcoming plenary session of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) could take off, China has thrown the spanner in India’s aspiration to enter the coveted NSG. It has objected to India’s entry into the NSG club, which is not surprising. Since all decisions in this group are taken through consensus of all members, objection by China will mean that the doors for India will continue to remain closed.

China may get some other like-minded member countries like Australia to add to the numbers against India. China’s official objection is that India is not a signatory of Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) to qualify as member of NSG. NPT signatory countries have to adhere to strict norms that prevent unsolicited sale of nuclear fissile materials to other countries, thus preventing nuclear arms race.

It is however important to note that the United States had helped Israel acquire nuclear weapons and China, which is trying to be the moral guardian, helped Pakistan to do the same in the 1980s. China announced in 2010 that it would help Pakistan build nuclear reactors despite the fact that it was a member of NSG in 2004 and Pakistan was possessing nuclear weapons.
China’s non-proliferation track record is certainly unimpressive to say the least. China is blindly backing Pakistan. It helped Pakistan develop a nuclear programme, violating all norms of NPT. With rogue elements enjoying a walk in the park in Pakistan, there is a fear that the Pakistani nuclear bombs can land in the hands of terror groups. If that happens, there will be mayhem. China and US both will be responsible for this disaster as US looked away when China was arming Pakistan.

Abdul Qadir Khan, the father of the Pakistani bomb, had himself acknowledged that during the past two decades he had secretly provided North Korea, Libya, and Iran with crucial technological and intellectual information for making nuclear weapons.
On the other hand, India has a good non-proliferation record, has a better history than even some of the NSG members. India has a stable civilian government and a vibrant democracy in place. India has not sold nuclear technology to third parties and opened over half of its nuclear infrastructure to international inspections.

The other working members of the NSG must come together and show China its place. It is a hypocrite nation, which has encouraged nuclear proliferation through Pakistan which has put at least half of the world under risk of nuclear attack from rogue nations/ non-State actors.

China has always betrayed India. The infamous Chinese aggression of 1962 no one can ever forget. From thereon, China has always remained the biggest thorn in India’s flesh. Advertently or inadvertently, soon after the series of five nuclear tests done by BJP-led NDA government in 1998, the then Union Defence Minister George Fernandes announced that the nukes were to protect India against China, which was nation’s enemy number one!

The joint military exercises and regular bilateral visits of premiers of both countries notwithstanding, China has remained hostile towards India.

With more than half of Asia’s population residing in the Indian subcontinent, and India and China making up for the bulk of the population, it certainly does not augur well for the future of Asia that two most populous and economically growing countries be at loggerheads with each other. China must not forget that Pakistan cannot be a reliable ally. It is a country whose governance system is deeply rooted in nepotism and shadow of jihadists is looming large, not only on Pakistan, but also on China.

The Xinjiang conflict is an ongoing separatist conflict in China’s far-west province of Xinjiang, whose northern region is known as Dzungaria and whose southern region (the Tarim Basin) is known as East Turkestan. Uyghur separatists and independence movements claim that the region is not a part of China, but that the Second East Turkestan Republic was illegally taken over by China in 1949 and has since been under Chinese occupation.

The East Turkestan independence movement is led by Turkic Islamist militant organizations, most notably the Turkistan Islamic Party against the government in Beijing. It won’t be surprising to see the Islamic jihadists based in the Afghanistan-Pakistan region, lend their support to the separatists fighting against China.

The fact that China has been participating in ‘hand-in-hand” joint military exercise with India for combating insurgency, shows that China is fully aware of India’s experience in counter-insurgency operations and needs the experience to prepare its Army against militancy in Xinjiang. China needs to decide clearly whom does it consider its enemy and who is its actual ally.

India always looked at having friendly relations with China. But the latter has always back-stabbed India. Pakistan has no control over the terrorist organizations, which were once harboured by the US. Tomorrow they can run over Pakistani establishment and the military. If these groups lay their hands upon the nuclear bombs of Pakistan, then China can be rest assured that the militants in the name of Islam can arm the Muslim insurgents troubling Beijing and can even train the nukes on her.

By supporting Pakistan and stopping India from entering NSG, China is actually playing with fire. These militant groups did not spare US. They won’t spare China either. China should be wary of this fact.

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